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Luxury and Livability in Vinyl Tile Floors
Earn CEU Credits:
i+s’ Continuing Education Series articles allow design practitioners to earn continuing education unit credits through an article.
Use the following learning objectives to focus your study while reading this article. To receive one health, safety and wellness hour of continuing education credit (0.1 CEU) as approved by IDCEC or 1 LU | HSW credit as approved by AIA, read the article, then log on to take the associated exam.
After reading this article, you should be able to:
- To learn the basic qualities and attributes of luxury vinyl tile (LVT).
- To gain an understanding of how LVT can contribute to sustainable and healthy building objectives.
- To learn the versatility in design LVT can provide.
- To understand why LVT is a beneficial choice for hospitality and retail environments.
*This CEU opportunity is sponsored by Armstrong Flooring.
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Luxury vinyl tile offers countless options for projects looking to balance style and durability with sustainability and well-being.
Designers know that in any project—particularly a high-traffic commercial project like a hospitality venue or retail establishment—specifying the right flooring for the space is crucial. In such heavy-traffic areas, the floors truly take a beating, day in and day out.
These spaces encounter a constant flux of humans, pets, luggage, assorted carts and small-wheeled vehicles, furnishings, display fixtures, and more, and the floors that endure this activity must meet extremely high standards for overall performance and maintenance over time. But that’s not all. When a brand’s name is on the line with each and every step, the flooring—and all materials—not only need to perform greatly, but they also need to look great doing it.
As the saying goes, “you never get a second chance to make a first impression” and the floor design is among the first aspects of a commercial setting guests will encounter and one of the only design decisions that will follow them consistently throughout an entire space.
That said, every designer knows a commercial interior is not simply about appearance. It’s about multiple, sometimes subtle, layers of safety, security, sanitation, sustainability, brand identity, and a healthy dose of well-being built right into the design through product and material decisions. Variety of product is key, as it paves the way to unique opportunities in floor design. And when all these factors are in demand, luxury vinyl tile (LVT) can help designers create beautiful, unique, and safe solutions.
What is LVT?
LVT is a multi-layered flooring product in which each layer provides a unique attribute. Together these qualities contribute to both the performance and the aesthetics of the finished material. The product itself breaks down into five essential layers:
- The base layers that serve for impact resistance.
- A design layer, where a printed visual or color is brought into the mix
- The performance wear layer, which is a textured surface that offers realistic visuals and durable abrasion resistance.
- There is the commercial coating, which ensures optimal scratch, scuff, and stain performance.
- Some LVT product also has an underlayment layer built in, while for other product lines it will be sold separately. The underlayment contributes to noise reduction and acoustic comfort and sometimes offers a built-in moisture barrier as well.
Product lines that incorporate premium coatings are typically the more stain resistant options and certain LVT product also provides resistance to alcohol-based hand sanitizers, an added plus in a pandemic-sensitized world.
While LVT has gained popularity for use in residential settings, its durability and shapeshifting style ability renders it perfectly suited to countless commercial settings, particularly those where heavy traffic levels are a part of everyday business.
LTV for High-traffic Commercial Settings
When designing for high-traffic commercial settings, like hospitality and retail, there is much more to consider than the average wear-and-tear that a strictly residential material is required to endure. LVT’s multiple layers contribute to both its appearance and its durability, all culminating in a product that allows for individuality in design with maximum performance outcomes.
In fact, LVT flooring options typically come with warranties of at least 15 years, with many upping that promise to 20 years. This ensures both purchase confidence and the fact that a unique commercial installation will endure and look good for decades to come.
LVT is a material that can resist the scratching and scuffing that is associated with high levels of interaction not only with the humans that continually flow through such commercial spaces, but the damage that can occur from additional contributors as well—think shopping carts or strollers, rolling stock ladders, and movable shelving and other furnishings; extreme exposure to high-heels and other hard-soled shoes; not to mention the staining the can result from staff, guests, children, and pets; and the routine constant upkeep of a commercial interior, including painting and other decorative and functional updates that such spaces consistently endure.
LVT’s layers allow it to resist gouging and recover from indentations, rendering it a low maintenance option for high-traffic settings while also offering incredible options in style.
Versatility in Design
LVT is a unique flooring material in that it provides design professionals with the confidence of repeatedly specifying a material whose makeup and performance they know they can trust, while at the same time offering an endless array of creative possibilities. It is available in a variety of modular shapes, sizes, and styles, and designers and their commercial clients often have the option to commission custom colors and patterns as well. Of great importance, particularly for large-scale projects, is the fact that LVT offers designers the crucial combination of an aesthetically pleasing product that is extremely versatile when it comes to design direction and that also keeps performance needs and budgetary constraints in mind.
For the retail segment, the range of style and level of endurance that can be achieved with LVT opens it up to use in luxury boutiques, mass merchants, grocery chains, and all those in between. And that same rich spectrum of fashion coupled with performance is necessary for hospitality spaces as well.
LVT flooring offers the durability needed for such busy commercial interiors and a broad variety of design options that can take the material from sophisticated to playful to natural and more. LVT also provides hospitality and retail brands with the opportunity to create distinctive environments that attract customers at first glance, encourage lingering and repeat visits, and make a connection between guests and their brand identity as delivered through color, pattern, and other visual cues. At a time when social media is rich with images of stylish shoes standing on stylish floors, making a good corporate design impression via compelling flooring choices can go far in driving brand recognition.
The versatility of LVT allows designers to create looks inspired by nature, like a wide range of wood and stone; to mimic woven textiles; or to create completely original designs. And the color spectrum possible with LVT is as vast as the imagination—everything from a soft pastel to a rich, saturated hue is possible, as is the addition of textural patterns to add depth and enhance a shade even further.
The options can lead not only to the continual design of unique and inspired interiors for a range of environments, but also to the creation of specific brand identity experiences—subtle or bold—for settings where connecting with a brand can leave a lasting and positive impression.
The material also opens the door to creative combinations of wood and stone or other looks without the worry of requiring different cleaning and maintenance measures within a single space—a definite positive when considering long-term care and maintenance and the large interior footprints that often come with commercial projects.
Considering the variety of projects a commercial designer will undertake and the multiple flooring scenarios to create throughout each, it’s important to consider LVT’s versatility with regard to basic elements as well as stylistic cues. LVT is available in a variety of thicknesses, multiple levels of gloss, and in a variety of shapes—rectangles, squares, planks, and tiles—of varying sizes as well.
Additional attributes that make LVT a smart choice for commercial environments, particularly in the hospitality and retail arenas, are its category leading scratch, stain, and scuff resistance that lead to floors that look newer, longer; its modular flexibility, including large format shapes and sizes that allow for truly unique designs from one client project to the next; the advancement of design capabilities via high resolution printing techniques and embossing methods; its durable, long-lasting performance; and easy maintenance over time.
Meeting that combination of style, strength, and conduct over time is particularly important in settings where traffic is high and spills are inevitable, such as in supermarkets and restaurants—two interior environments that truly put flooring materials to the test. Case studies have shown that LVT can provide solutions for businesses like these that are in need of a variety of outcomes with the product managing to transform from luxurious to casual, energetic to functional, and always with sustainable design goals in mind.
LVT has been used to breathe new life into dated hotel suites, providing ease of cleaning and overall maintenance for staff while also offering the high-end, inviting ambience that guests expect. In such settings, an upgrade to resilient flooring has proven to not only reduce the time the cleaning staff needs to spend on each guest room but to also provide guests with confidence that the room is truly clean, with none of the dust or other contaminants that can linger and hide with other flooring options.
The range of style and color available with LVT has also allowed designers to combine multiple visuals—think rustic and exotic woods, together with stones like marble and travertine, and a colorful mix of tiles—to create brand experience centers that welcome visitors to engaging retail settings that take on more of an entertainment feel. And, even in more traditional retail environments, like a neighborhood grocery store, LVT has contributed to the overall visual merchandising of a location with award winning flooring installations that reflect the brand image of the supermarket itself—be that casual, upscale, or a combination of the two.
Even in large-scale settings—one grocery location alone can sometimes encompass 60,000 square feet—the variety of sizes and consistency in color from pattern to pattern that LVT offers, paves the way for floor designs that may be largely monochromatic but radiate a rich, multi-textured feel. These floor design schemes can be punctuated with colorful accents that bring focus and energy to specific in-store departments and display areas. Color-blocked pathways created with LVT also create a natural flow through a space, subliminally establishing order and direction that can complement or replace traditional signage, as well as the sense of calm that goes along with the ability to easily visualize an exit strategy.
In both retail and hospitality settings, the floor design is among the first and the most consistent visual interactions a guest will have with a location. The right flooring design will make a positive connection that leads the guest to feel they are having a higher-end experience and receiving a better quality product throughout the establishment as well. The options LVT creates for these and other sectors of interior design open the door to a level of creativity that isn’t possible from other singular flooring choices. The versatile product encourages designers to explore imaginative and durable options, to design unique and memorable experiences, and to establish a brand identity through a resilient style decision.
Meeting Third-party Building and Product Standards
While the design industry as a whole has come a long way in establishing a stance in favor of sustainable building and interior design, commercial design clients were notably quicker than residential homeowners in recent years to put the health of occupants and overall sustainability of a space, right down to the composition of individual design and build materials, on the front burner.
After all, boasting building certification from unbiased third-party agencies, like the International WELL Building Institute (IWBI) and U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), not only shows potential customers that a company cares for the health and well-being of both the people who visit and work in its space and the environment as a whole, but earning the certifications can also come with an assortment of financial benefits from a city or state and lead to savings in energy, water, and more in the long term. From whatever angle you view them, healthy and sustainable materials are a win for all.
Further, as the commercial world grapples with luring a post-pandemic population back to their communal spaces, the ability to prove the health and safety of their locations via third-party certifications is sure to intensify.
Within the design and build space there are multiple certifiers, each taking a slightly different approach. The more comprehensive, whole-project certifications can work to complement one another—some will focus more on people, others more on the planet—and those at the individual product evaluation level can help contribute to the points needed to receive overall space or building certification. They also serve to lend extra confidence to those who will occupy a given space, even if for a brief period of time.
The roster of third-party certifiers has increased as the fields of healthy and sustainable design have grown, and, when you have an entire project to design, it can be challenging to keep track of them all and remember the differences that set them apart from one another. The following are among the key third-party certifiers currently driving the building and design industry forward in terms of sustainability and healthy design. Specifying LVT flooring for a commercial project can help it to achieve these standards and more, boosting a project over the threshold of a desired certification.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
Administered by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) , the LEED certification is built on the belief that green buildings are the foundation of something much bigger and that a building constructed with its inhabitants’ health and safety in mind can help people to thrive. LEED is often considered to have affected a paradigm shift in the way the design and build industries and the world in general viewed its buildings and its recognition among the general public has only grown over time, instigating a micro-universe of certification standards that address people, product, and the built and designed environment in a variety of ways.
WELL Building Standard
The focus of the International WELL Building Institute (IWBI), the WELL Building Standard examines a space or entire building from the perspective of the health and well-being of the humans who will occupy and enjoy it, referring to the projects that meet its rigorous criteria as “people first places.” Specifically, WELL v2 measures 10 concepts: air, water, nourishment, light, movement, thermal comfort, sound, materials, mind, and community. The concept is based on a belief that healthier buildings result in a healthier, happier, and more productive population.
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
The Health Product Declaration Collaborative (HPDC) is a not-for-profit member association that provides a standardized format—the HPD Open Standard—for the reporting of product contents and associated health information for products used in the built environment. Established in 2012, the HPD Open Standard allows for the accurate, consistent, and transparent tracking of material health. The current version (2.2) was implemented in May 2020. HPDC verification not only involves a rigorous application and approval process but is backed up by periodic audits to ensure continued compliance.
HPDC has direct ties to LEED certification as the Collaborative partnered with USGBC to establish valuable resources for design and build teams who are interested in the LEED credit, MR: Building Product Disclosure and Optimization – Material Ingredients. This particular credit rewards transparency and optimization of building products used in the building design process.
Administered by SCS Global Services, the FloorScore standard is an indoor air quality certification protocol for hard surface flooring materials, as well as the adhesives and underlayment materials that accompany such flooring. It provides third-party certification that ensures products comply with the California Department of Public Health Standard Test Method for the Testing and Evaluation of Volatile Organic Chemical Emissions from Indoor Sources Using Environmental Chambers (CDPH v1.2), which is sometimes referred to as California 01350.
FloorScore was developed together with the Resilient Floor Covering Institute (RFCI), which is a trade association for flooring manufacturers and suppliers. FloorScore accreditation leads to a flooring product contributing to third-party whole building and interior spatial certifications including LEED v4, WELL, the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology (BREEAM), and the Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS).
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
An Environmental Product Declaration focuses on the environmental impact of a product throughout its entire life cycle. Based on an ISO 14044 life cycle assessment (LCA) and verified by a third-party certifier per ISO 14025, the information provided via an EPD can help designers specify the right product for each project by reporting life cycle assessment details, from raw material extraction to disposal.
Among the goals of an EPD is to objectively and transparently relay details of the environmental impact of varied products and also to encourage improvement of environmental performance in product design and manufacturing.
MindClick Environmental Health (EH) Index
MindClick lives by the mantra of “product intelligence for a healthy world” and its rating system evaluates the health performance of manufacturers and their products as well. Here too the ultimate goal is multi-fold: MindClick intends to increase transparency in manufacturing and the complete supply chain and to meet the current demand for healthy products and environments while also bolstering future global interest in such products and placing focus on the manufacturers who strive to meet such criteria.
The organization aims to encourage more consumers and businesses to follow the lead of the natural world, where everything has a purpose, and nothing is wasted. The MindClick EH Index translates environmental health data into product intelligence that is easy to both understand and compare and empowers the buyer to make purchase decisions that have the health of the planet and the population in mind.
The Embodied Carbon in Construction Calculator (EC3) deserves a mention as well as it is a free and important tool for design professionals seeking to design sustainable buildings and a sustainable future for the planet. Developed by the Carbon Leadership Forum, the EC3 tool allows for benchmarking, assessment, and reductions in embodied carbon, a term that will often appear in conversation about varied building and design standards, and one that is increasingly making its way into the common vernacular as well. Embodied carbon refers specifically to the carbon footprint of a material. The EC3 tool provides third-party certified embodied carbon for products including carbon associated with raw material production (A1), raw material transportation (A2), and production of the product (A3). The term cradle-to-gate refers to these stages of a product’s life cycle.
Knowledge of the embodied carbon emissions varied material choices contribute to an overall building’s emissions is increasingly important. Studies have found that between 20 and 50 percent of the total carbon emissions from a new building stem from embodied carbon. LVT is a top choice when it comes to embodied carbon concerns. Studies have found the embodied carbon footprint of vinyl flooring to be less than one percent of a building’s total embodied carbon.
LVT as a flooring material can earn and contribute to the standards found in each of these certification bodies and to a lower carbon footprint as well. When specifying flooring for healthy and sustainable building and design projects, look for manufacturers that readily offer HPDs, which will provide detailed product content information, as well as the EPDs that will readily provide third-party verified information regarding the environmental impact of a product throughout its entire life cycle, from raw material extraction to disposal and/or reclamation and recycling possibilities. And, while the growing roster of certifying bodies may feel overwhelming, there is one group working to simplify the process by aggregating the most important details on products certified by 15 different certification bodies. mindfulMATERIALS (mM) has so far evaluated more than 8,000 products and is being utilized by more than 6,000 users who are interested in making finding their way to sustainable products quicker and easier.
Health, Safety, & Well-being
There is much to be learned from the Covid-19 pandemic. Among its outcomes is it has raised awareness among the general population of a fact those in the design profession have known for some time: Our interior environments have a great effect on our general health and well-being. From reducing the off gassing of countless interior materials to the reduction or elimination of the use of phthalates and heavy metals in the make-up of those materials, manufacturers have been making remarkable strides to improve interior conditions for some time and interior designers for their part have increasingly worked to urge their clients in a healthier direction.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, humans spend up to 90 percent of their time indoors. Arguably, the pandemic may have driven this number up even higher, and homeowners, renters, and businesses alike have become acutely aware of how good—or bad—an interior environment can make them feel. As a result, they are more aware than ever of how material choices contribute to their overall health and well-being at every turn.
Flooring products play a large role in indoor air quality and choosing the right flooring can have a positive effect on not only the inhabitants of a space, but on a business’ ability to achieve third-party certification in the healthy or sustainable building categories. There is, however, a Catch-22 that occurred along the road to more energy efficient buildings. In an effort to save costs and improve energy ratings, air exchange rates were reduced, and operable windows were eliminated.
The idea was that both money and energy would be saved over time because the buildings’ ventilation systems would avoid the need to condition air coming in from the outside. While energy usage levels may have looked better as a result of these decisions, indoor air quality suffered, as did the health of the occupants breathing the indoor air.
In fact, in establishing indoor air quality as one of the 10 core concepts for WELL certification, IWBI points to a global burden of disease study that ranked household air pollution as the tenth most significant cause of ill health for the global population. In such boxed-in settings, when products inside a building off-gas or release volatile chemicals into the interior air, the contaminated air has no place to go. This very common building scenario, particularly prominent in large-scale commercial properties in the United States, demands products that meet high emissions standards for indoor air quality. Specifying LVT flooring products for these commercial spaces is one step in a healthier direction.
But air quality is not the only factor that contributes to occupant health, safety, and well-being and LVT flooring products can contribute to other aspects of overall wellness as well. One product attribute that had already led to an increase in LVT usage in the design of hotel guest rooms before the Covid-19 pandemic is its cleanability. Coupled with the aesthetic possibilities, design professionals were increasingly specifying LVT for their hospitality clients. The product’s ability to offer stain and chemical resistance, and, in some instances, to withstand the high temperatures required for some pest control methods, while simultaneously providing a high-end floor design will only hold more appeal as hotels eagerly lure guests back and look to regain pre-Covid occupancy rates.
Providing assurance of cleanliness and disinfection will be more important than ever and LVT flooring products can help hotels keep guest health and safety front and center while maintaining the style options they desire as well. In fact, the right disinfectant can help protect people from pathogens like SARS-CoV-2, the novel human coronavirus that causes COVID-19.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends commercial facilities like hospitality and retail establishments disinfect hard surfaces with disinfectants that have been reviewed and registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). LVT products are able to withstand not just these disinfectants, but most chemicals encountered in typical everyday use as well.
A further point to consider is the use of antimicrobials. Despite the false confidence the term “antimicrobial” instills in consumers, the CDC has determined added antimicrobial treatments in flooring and other products are in fact not helpful and may actually lead to adverse health effects. To that end, LEED for Healthcare offers credit for selecting products that do not contain antimicrobials. When specifying LVT flooring products, designers should be sure to focus on manufacturers who focus on cleanability as opposed to potentially harmful additives that only provide false hope.
Safety also falls into the area of well-being and comes into play with LVT flooring in the way of wayfinding, delineation of space, and directional cues. The versatility in design LVT offers allows designers to develop floor plans that are compelling simply as design statements but that go a step further to serve added value as crucial aids in wayfinding—think retail floors that through their patterning naturally guide shoppers to fitting rooms, registers, restrooms, and locations of egress. Such subliminal design cues ease stress for all visitors and are particularly important for those who are visually impaired and in cases of emergency. LVT’s range of design and color options lets designers create floor plans that help customers to easily move about by rendering a space easy to understand for all who encounter it.
Through its styles that mimic assorted elements of nature, like a variety of natural woods and also stones like marble and travertine, LVT also brings biophilic design elements into play indoors. Studies have shown that the sensation experienced from being around natural materials, even in look alone, can positively affect a person’s overall well-being, contributing to their general mood and happiness and increasing productivity in the process.
When specifying LVT flooring, commercial designers and their clients can feel confident in a flooring decision that took the health, well-being, and safety of the inhabitants of their spaces into consideration and they will be one step closer to earning the third-party certifications to prove it.
Sustainability in the Design
The more society at both the consumer and commercial level learn about the effect our behaviors have on the planet—from daily consumption of basics like water and electricity to the products we manufacture, purchase, and use in our homes, offices, and beyond—the more the material decisions made by design professionals enter the general conversation and become questioned and understood by a wider audience.
Most manufacturers today can readily share their sustainable story but it’s important to understand that the sustainable nature of a product is not simply told through its ingredients list but also through the manufacturing processes that bring it into being.
For LVT, the sustainability story runs deep and manufacturers in this category display a belief that protecting the planet is simply good business. Asking the right questions can lead design professionals to LVT manufacturers who showcase their dedication to the environment via a reduction in energy, greenhouse gases, water usage, and waste, as well as the responsible sourcing of raw materials. Also important is a manufacturing plant that is in accordance with ISO 14001 and that meets continuous environmental performance targets.
In the flooring segment, manufacturers are constantly evaluating the many important attributes that contribute to a product qualifying as sustainable. These qualities contribute to the health and well-being of occupants as well as the preservation and future of the planet. Such attributes include biophilic design cues, acoustics, indoor air quality, life cycle, and safety.
Among the ways LVT can help design professionals create a more sustainable space are it has low VOC emissions and is FloorScore certified; it is free of ortho-phthalates and heavy metals; it meets the Toxic Material Reduction Credit requirements for the WELL Building Standard; its recyclable makeup contributes to LEED credits for reduction of environmental impacts through landfill diversion and waste disposal cost; and both HPD and third-party certified EPDs are available.
Some LVT flooring is also manufactured in the United States, which not only eliminates the carbon load that results from overseas shipping but has the added bonus of eliminating overseas lead-times and potential tariffs as well.
Installation & Maintenance
As with all commercial flooring, proper installation of an LVT floor ensures proper performance and the way to achieve this is through a professional installer. A manufacturer’s representative will be able to provide installers with product specific installation guidelines and some will also offer their own certified installer programs to guarantee their products are positioned to perform at their best and that the installers work in a safe fashion as well.
Comprehensive manufacturer’s guidelines for installation will cover everything from job conditions and adhesives to step-by-step installation instructions to include layout, pattern matching, seam sealing, custom insets, and the equally important clean up when a job is complete. The all-encompassing nature of such guidelines ensures a designer’s vision is brought to life accurately and can be easily maintained to continue looking great for years to come.
Once installed, the ease of maintenance is apparent in both time saved by cleaning crews, the lasting visual newness of the floor, and the indoor air quality achieved not just through the makeup of the LVT flooring itself but through the lack of harsh chemicals required to keep it looking its best as well.
To aid in long-term maintenance, manufacturers offer technologically advanced, high-performance coatings, that provide superior scratch, stain, and scuff resistance. Some even employ diamond-infused technology for a finish that offers superior levels of resilience. And LVT is also waterproof, which means it will not swell, buckle, or lose its visual or overall performance integrity if exposed to water. This is an attribute of great benefit in the grocery segment, where water can come into play via sprays in the produce department, and also in restaurant and other food service establishments.
Depending on the project and end-user preference, LVT can be maintained with or without polish. For this decision, everything from the desired aesthetics to a property owner’s comfortable level of care and maintenance should be taken into account. For some projects, a low maintenance option that requires no polish will be the best choice and LVT can deliver.
Regular maintenance for such floors requires removal of the dust, dirt, and grit that can get ground into a floor’s surface daily by sweeping, dust mopping, or vacuuming; regular damp mopping is also suggested. Periodic use of a rotary machine or auto scrubber that will reach deeper into the textured surface of LVT products is recommended as well.
For projects where a polished floor is preferred, regular daily maintenance is the same as for the no-polish option, however coats of floor polish will need to be applied periodically. In these cases, if a sufficient base of polish remains, the original gloss can be restored via buffing (a low-speed process to achieve desired polish) or burnishing (a higher-speed process) before the need to apply additional coats of gloss arises. The polish option will involve more time and dollars to maintain over the life of a floor, but the treatment provides a desirable effect that end users often find to be worth the extra effort and expense.
Commercial projects can benefit from LVT flooring options in so many ways—beauty, sophistication, variety, health, wellness, and sustainability. Imagine the warm look of natural wood without the worry of splintering or sanding and refinishing over time. Or the sophisticated look of stone without the risk of chipping or staining or the hard, chilly feeling underfoot that naturally comes with it.
LVT offers designers and their commercial clients all of the look without the concerns of other flooring options. And it allows designers to specify one flooring product throughout a project while achieving a wide range of performance, sustainable, and aesthetic design goals that will look freshly installed and require less maintenance for longer periods of time than other flooring products.
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Armstrong Flooring is a leading manufacturer of flooring products and one of the industry’s most trusted brands. The company continually builds on its 150-year legacy by delivering on its mission to create a stronger future for customers through adaptive and inventive solutions. Headquartered in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Armstrong Flooring safely and responsibly operates seven manufacturing facilities globally.
Armstrong Flooring’s focus on innovation and quality is evident in everything we do – from developing unique visuals and color palettes, to providing rigorously tested, high-performance resilient flooring. It’s why designers confidently specify and trust Armstrong Flooring products again and again.
Learn more at www.armstrongflooring.com.
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I.Janvey & Sons, Inc., “High Speed Burnishing vs. Low Speed Buffing,” https://www.janvey.com/Web/home/programs/2017/03/16/High-Speed-Burnishing-VS-Low-Speed-Buffing
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LEED Material Ingredients Credit, https://www.hpd-collaborative.org/leed-material-ingredients-credit/
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U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), https://www.usgbc.org/